The Mother Code

by | Dec 15, 2023

One of my cherished childhood memories is singing before the image of Mother Durga created on the wall using cow dung, called Sanjhi, in our home every year during Navratri. This was not done in every house in our locality and many children would visit our home out of curiosity and of course, for the prasad, that would be distributed by my mother after the half hour ceremony, during the nine-day period in October-November every year.  

I come from the Gaur Brahmana community in Western Uttar Pradesh. My ancestors are believed to come from the Gaur Pradesh of Bengal, an ancient kingdom in the modern-day Malda district, and were said to have been invited by King Parikshit, the son of Abhimanyu and Uttara, and the grandson of Arjuna. He was the successor of Yudhishthira to the throne of Hastinapur and was to perform a particular yajna, which would not be considered complete without these exalted Brahmanas. 

After the yajna was concluded, the king requested them to settle and granted them land. Millennia have passed but Gaur Brahmanas continue to worship Mother Durga as they were doing in Bengal. My father would fast during Navratri and recite the Devi Mahatmya every day. On the eighth day, he would perform a yajna officiated by a priest. The next morning, children from the neighborhood were fed by my mother and grandmother. My brother Salil Tiwari continues this tradition.  

As a child, although I sat through the recitation of Durga Saptashati, I could never capture the content. When I read it later, I found the account of Mother Durga and Kali killing demons rather gory and wondered what merit reciting all this violence would incur. Aware of the fact that mine is perhaps the last generation who is aware of our traditions and scriptures in their original forms, I have decided to dive deep into the Devi Mahatmyam, part of the Markandeya Purana. The 700 shlokas in the chapters 81-93 give this text the name Durga Saptashati.

Two unlucky men, a dispossessed king Surath and a destitute merchant Samadhi, meet in a forest. They are deeply disappointed, but not disillusioned. They approach a sage for help. Both are highly egoistical, brimming with self-pity. The sage sees that their hurt sense of I-ness and my-ness was tormenting them. Their misery would end if they were turned towards the Divine. So, the sage engages them by telling the three charitras, episodes of the exploits of the Supreme Shakti and her emanations.

In the first episode of chapter one, Devi is in her Maha Maya form. Demonic twins Madhu-Kaitabh are obstructing Lord Brahma during the creation of the cosmos. Lord Brahma prays to Vishnu who is in deep sleep. Maha Maya emerges out of Vishnu and kills the demons.  

The second episode of the three chapters presents the creation of a great effulgence, as Devi, the feminine form of all the gods. The world was under attack by the shape-shifting Mahishasura, a demon who uses deception to disarm his opponents. Devi, in the form of Chandika, riding a lion, slayed the demon hiding in the form of a buffalo.

In the final episode of nine chapters, the demons, Shumbha and Nishumbha conquer heaven. On the request of the expelled gods, Devi Parvati takes the form of Ambika. In the battle with Dhumralochan, Chanda, Munda and Raktabeej, the lieutenants of demon kings, the seven mothers, appear including Kali. In the iconic battle with Raktabeej, who is reborn every time Durga kills him and his blood falls on the ground, Kali sucks the spilled blood to ensure his end. Nishumbha and his army are defeated by the seven Mothers.

In the final battle against Shumbha, Devi absorbs Kali and the seven mothers and slays the demon as Ambika of eight arms. Devi is venerated as the creator, preserver, and destroyer of the universe in a hymn, Narayani Stuti. 

Devi gives the merchant and the king her vision after they both perform austerities directed by the sage. The king asks Devi for his lost kingdom, the merchant asks for wisdom, and both are granted. With a promise that she will always destroy the demons and bring peace on Earth, Devi disappears.

Coming to the coded secrets, Surath and Samadhi are the dual nature of the Jivatma – seeking pleasures in the material world, as well as curious to find and return to the Source. Our life on earth is a battle. Each one of us is carrying inside us a battlefield full of helpers and hunters, friends, and enemies. The help will come only from the Creator behind the phenomenon. There are two ways to invoke the Creator – approach the heavenly Father, the spirit Purusha. Another is to approach the mother, Prakriti, right here as the cosmos and the life. Seeking help from the Mother right here is easier and more effective.

Madhu and Kaitabh, honey, and the bee represent our tendency to extract. Mahishasura, the mighty buffalo is our ego. Dhumralochan, smoky eyes, is the illusion of worldly forms. Chanda and Munda are the tendencies of attraction and aversion. Raktabeej represents never-ending desires, like new bodies growing from every drop of blood that falls on the ground. Kali is an emanation of the Devi, and she must wage a relentless war to kill Nishumbha. When I read Devi Mahatmyam with these insights, every shloka made perfect sense.  I can now see the kindest and the most loving Mother in the seemingly terrible form of Kali, protecting my soul in this world from the demonic forces inside and around me. 

Her sword of knowledge severs the head of pride and prejudices, the fearlessness of riding a lion, her long and black hair for nature’s supremacy over any civilizational arrangements, the protruding red tongue, her rajasic nature being conquered by the sattvic nature of the white teeth, unclothed as beyond the covering of Maya, dark as the Unmanifest origin of the manifested creation, continues to exist even when the universe ends. She stands with her foot over Shiva, conveying immortality that dismantles life and puts it back again. The more you mediate on Mother Kali, the deeper goes the meaning of every feature. Of course, Mother as Durga is most splendorous. Her multiple hands giving all that is needed and above all protection. 

Know that beneath this pomp and show, beauty and pleasures, dresses, ornaments, and possessions, you are a helpless body – skull and limbs – aging to eventually die. Slay your ego (I-ness) and attachments (mine-ness) with the knowledge of your and others’ divine origin. Stand before Kali. She is not angry; she is calm. Feel assured of the divine vigilance over human affairs on earth. It is not only during a crisis that the world would be under the complete control of demonic forces; it can happen every day, every living moment. But we can overcome this right here, right now, by slaying our “I-ness” and “mine-ness” and enjoy the bliss of “immortality.”

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15 Comments

  1. Respected Sir, This article has endless knowledge and clarity which I was unaware of. It serves as a dictionary to those willing to dwell on themselves or even have the slightest tilt towards the scriptures. Sir, the way you pitch thoughts in chronological order is divine in itself.

  2. Sir, this article reminds me of The Da Vinci Code, a 2003 mystery thriller by Dan Brown and its protagonist, Robert Langdon. The book provoked a widespread interest in speculation concerning the Holy Grail legend and Mary Magdalene’s role in the history of Christianity.

    Quite the opposite, the Mother Code demystifies the Devi Mahatmya and explains the hidden meaning behind the naming of various demons. I am particularly amazed at the legend of Raktabeej and how our seers could see that desires are inseparable from human life and blood.

    Please keep writing such blogs.

  3. Sir, this is the best blog of 2023 from you.

    Hindu religion positions God as unmanifest and abstract iconised as manifest in different forms. The form of the Goddess is universal across India, and there is no state where Mother is not worshipped. The forms of Mother are venerated in chapters 1, 4 and 11 of the Devi Mahatmya, while formless Mother is praised in chapter 5.

    There are three forms – Maha Kali (destroyer, desire principle of mother), Maha Lakshmi (sustainer, evolution principle of mother) and Maha Sarasvati (creator, Action principle of mother). Shaktism involves a galaxy of goddesses and various modes of worship, ranging from those focused on the most worshipped Durga to gracious Parvati and the fierce Kali.

  4. Tauji, you have given an excellent interpretation of Devi Mahtmaya and information about our family tradition.

    Our desires, our anger, our greed, and our bad habits distract us from our work like Madhu Kaithabh, Chand-Mund, Dhumralochan, Mahishasura, Shumbh-Nishumbh. Keeping the image of Durga Mata helps us to get rid of all these aberrations and increase our concentration.

  5. Great insight into the coded secrets of our traditions and scriptures, Prof Tiwariji !

    Your demystification of the embedded wisdom in the holy epics is outstanding !!

  6. You are nothing less than a complete knowledge book for me. Frankly, I never dwelled deeply on the aartis we performed in Navratri’s time. Wonderfully explained.

    How I wish you started writing blogs much earlier than this for people like us. Kindest Regards

  7. Respected Sir, Thank you for sharing this excellent and informative blog with me. It sheds light on the meaning of the shlokas/ aarti we chant.

    We always recite the Durga Maa aarti at our place, and now I understand the phrase’s meaning.

    “Shumbh-Nishumbh Bidare, Mahishasur Ghati
    Dhumravilochan Naina, Nishidin Madamati.”

    It really makes me introspect and realize that knowing the meaning of these powerful words makes such a big difference and brings clarity to what we believe and recite as a child.

  8. Your lucid elucidation of the hidden wisdom embedded within Durga Saptshati provided a deeply enriching experience. Although many revere this text through recitation, its profound layers often remain unappreciated. Your work masterfully unveils these hidden jewels, revealing a similar potential within other beloved texts like Chalisas and Sahastranams. I am confident you will continue to unlock the treasures hidden within these sacred verses.

  9. From tribal communities to sophisticated urbanites, Indians have always sought the grace and blessings of our goddess, Devi, who embodies all aspects of womanhood. Mother goddess of India and local protector of innumerable villages, she can be quiet and nurturing. Before exams, children pray to her, incarnated as Sarasvati, the goddess of music and learning. Devi blesses her devotees with fortune and success. But she is also a cosmic force, addressing the creation and destruction of worlds. Her most renowned victory is the slaying of a buffalo demon, a brutishly ignorant, bloated egotist.

  10. Dear Sir, You gave a great explanation in this blog about the main idea of Durgasaptshti. I am a regular reader of the holy book and love reading the beginning hymn /mantra named “Shapvimochan mantra” before reading the chapters of the Duragashptshati path. It gives me great pleasure to do the practice during Navaratra. Thank you for your blessings!

  11. Sir, the soul of India is Mother – Bharat Mata. In little towns, even in villages, Devi temples exist. They were consecrated hundreds of years ago and are still alive – fully, forcefully and fiercely active. Most of these temples were created for a specific purpose, for the requirements of that local area. Whoever did this did it very well. These were nameless yogis. No one knows who those people are. They did not write their names on the temple, which is its beauty – they didn’t even think they needed to leave their name. This energy that they left is all. We survived 1000 years of invasions thanks to this energy.

  12. Dear Prof

    Thanks for sharing this very informative background and traditional practices. They inform us who we are and hope to become.

  13. Immensely readable, Bhaisaab!

    It reminds me of Joseph Campbell, whom I first encountered in my reading in the early eighties, which opened my eyes to the mystical lessons behind epics and myths.
    You continue the tasks and traditions of our ancient rishis who dreamt of the myths to make humankind understand the mystical phenomena ‘inside’.

  14. I have enjoyed reading it. You made me nostalgic.

    I was born in Varanasi and brought up in Kolkata… I used to hear Mahalaya…
    Hence, I had beautiful feelings and goosebumps.

    Decorated pandals
    New sarees and Punjabi (Bengali kurta..dhuti)
    That puchka, Ghugni, Mishti, Singhada (Samosa in North), Bhade cha (tea in khullad)

    মহালয়া – সে মায়ের স্বাগত,
    ধুনো, ধুপ, ধুনাচি নাচ, ধাক বাজানো
    শারদীয় শুভেচ্ছা এবং শুভ বিজয়া
    মায়ের আগমন.

  15. कुपुत्रो जायेत क्वचिदपि कुमाता न भवति ।।
    मां हम सबमें हमारी समस्त कोशिकाओं में माइटोकांड्रिया (शक्तिस्वरूप) के रूप में अवस्थित हैं।
    यही जीवन हैं, इनसे ही जीव है ।।

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